The Indian Laurel is also a popular type of bonsai ficus miniature tree. Chinese elms (Ulmus parvifolia) are not only great trees to grow indoors, but they are … Being easy to care for is one of the reasons why Audrey ficus plant is a good choice as a houseplant. Types of ficus trees include shrub-like plants, creeping vines, and woody trees. However, direct sunlight can burn ficus leaves and cause them to fall off. One of the most popular trees for indoor bonsai, the Ficus genus consists of over 800 different species of evergreen trees, shrubs and woody climbers usually found in moist forests in tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world. 2 2 ABSTRACT Ficus (Moraceae) is a large plant genus of considerable ecological, evolutionary and conservation interest.This study focused on the interaction between Ficus species and the vertebrates that eat their fruit (figs), thereby acting as potential seed dispersers. Light. Here are some of the best ways to care for your ficus plants. This type of ficus plant can be pruned to be an ornamental tree to provide plenty of shade in gardens. The species-level diversity of Ficus in tropical forests is discussed. The Mistletoe fig is a type of shrub with spreading nature. These woody trees, vines, shrubs, and plants belong to the family Moraceae. Species in following genera are listed in groups on our web pages: Australian Fig trees (Ficus spp. Usually, the Ficus elastica grows between 1 and 2 ft. (30 – 60 cm). Ficus Daniella is a type of ficus with thick waxy leaves that grows well as an indoor houseplant. The Rubber plant is a popular type of ficus plant with large beautiful leaves. This is also called the Banana fig, Alii fig, or Banana-leaf ficus. Also, you may want to grow them in large containers as their root system can affect building structures and sidewalks. In this article, you will learn about the many types of ficus trees that can add glossy foliage to your home or garden. Ficus, (genus Ficus), genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. Although it doesn’t tolerate frost well, it is hardy down to 34°F (1°C). Nearly all indoor plants from the Ficus genus require plenty of light. Ficus longipedicellata H.Perrier Ficus minima Hort. Many fig trees and shrubs, however, have inedible, small fruits. Of course, fig trees that are native to Middle Eastern and Mediterranean countries are well-known for producing delicious fig fruits. Ficus. Ficus pumila, Climbing or Creeping Fig. Opuntia ficus-indica* 40 Indian fig Opuntia humifusa 42 Opuntia leucotricha 44 Opuntia microdasys 46 Bunny ears or Golden bristle cactus *Not a WoNS listed species SPECIES IDENTIFICATION INDEX Field Identification Guide Austrocylindropuntia, Cylindropuntia and Opuntia species 01. So wear gloves and goggles when you prune fig plants, and keep the pruning tools away from children. However, to grow the Mistletoe fig outdoors, it needs to be in a warm environment. The Narrow Leaf fig (Ficus maclellandii ‘Alii’) is another species of ficus tree that grows well indoors. Compared to other types of indoor ficus plants, the Narrow Leaf fig is relatively easy to care for. So, this attractive indoors miniature ficus tree can be the centerpiece of a table or windowsill. Soil and watering. ), Grevilleas (Grevillea spp.) When the Fiddle-leaf grows outdoors it can reach heights of 50 ft. (15 m) and has a large bushy appearance. This is a slow-growing ficus tree that grows into an ornamental house plant. As with many types of indoor ficus plants, moving its position and drafts can stress Weeping fig plant. Ficus is a pantropical genus of trees, shrubs, and vines occupying a wide variety of ecological niches; most are evergreen, but some deciduous species are endemic to areas outside of the tropics and to higher elevations. To keep a Weeping fig healthy, you should water it once a week so that the soil is moist. The Creeping fig (Ficus pumila) is a type of woody creeping ficus vine that grows just as well indoors as it does outdoors. It is also one of the good luck plants according to the Feng Shui. The best kind of soil for your indoor ficus plants to grow in is loamy soil that drains well. It feels firm, but contracts visibly when prodded. Also, changes to its position may cause the leaves to fall off. Small and eventually large branches die. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: Ficus Benjamina -- Weeping Fig, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: Ficus Elastica -- Rubber Tree, University of Arkansas System Cooperative Extension Service: Plant of the Week -- Weeping Fig, University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service: Ficus Pumila, University of California-Davis Information Center for the Environment: Invasive Species List and Scorecards for California, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Disinfecting Pruning Tools. Common fig trees produce edible, greenish or brownish, 2- to 4-inch fruits. Although fig trees can reach towering heights, they're often grown as much smaller houseplants. species Ficus pumila Name Synonyms Ficus hanceana Maxim. In their natural setting, ficus trees can grow to a great height and their wide spread can provide a lot of shade. The Mistletoe fig (Ficus deltoidea) is classed as a perennial variety of ficus that has thick waxy delta-shaped leaves. For example, the ‘Starlight’ Weeping fig is a cultivar of the ‘Weeping fig’ and is a bushy type of tree plant that has small white and green leaves. The long spindly stems or trunks can be braided or pleated to form an attractive indoor ficus tree plant. This evergreen houseplant has long stems and the long leaves give the indoor tree a bushy appearance. There are also various Ficus elastica cultivars that also make for beautiful ornamental houseplants. University of Florida IFAS Extension, Central Florida Research and Education Center: Ficus Production Guide. Aerial roots that grow from the branches toward the ground are a distinguishing feature of some figs, such as the banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis), which is hardy in USDA zones 10 through 12. Or, you can train it to grow up walls or trellises like types of ivy. With a proper care, this type of outdoor ficus tree can become a delightful ornamental tree in a garden or yard. The ficus species are commonly known as figs; they are part of the mulberry ( Moraceae) family of plants. As an outdoor tree, ficus plants can be large banyan trees, fig trees, or laurel trees. Characters for identification are explained. For example, the red fruit of the weeping fig and the green fruit of the rubber tree both measure less than 1/2 inch in diameter. … These grow together to form a small shrub-like tree that is very decorative. Many fig species have simple, smooth oval leaves. These hidden flowers often bloom year round, but most fruits appear in summer and fall. Classification within the genus Ficus : Index to Ficus species pages: Identification Keys and Field Guides : Regional & country checklists of Ficus species: … Some growers braid the multiple stems of container-grown weeping figs until the stems grow as a single trunk. The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. The genus Ficus consists of more than 800 species, many of which are desirable foliage plants. As with indoor ficus plants, a ficus tree growing outdoors needs loamy soil that drains well. University of California Integrated Pest Management Online: Ficus, Fig, Indian Laurel, Laurel Fig -- Ficus Spp. The Fiddle-Leaf fig is a slow-growing ficus tree that can be grown as a house plant. The spreading habit of ficus fig trees also provides good shelter in your garden. In general, most varieties of ficus plants are easy to care for. Weeping fig, for example, is a shade tree that grows up to 60 feet tall and has a dense, rounded crown that spreads up to 100 feet wide. Indoor varieties of ficus trees are popular plants such as the Fiddle-leaf fig, rubber plant, Audrey ficus, and the Weeping fig. The best times to prune your ficus tree indoors is in spring and winter. The Rubber plant has large attractive leaves which can grow up to 12” (30 cm) long. Bill Oehlke's species page for Pachylia ficus. Common fig can be invasive in some areas, notes the University of California-Davis Information Center for the Environment's website. There should be enough holes in the pot to allow excess water to drain. Fertilizing: Feed the baobab with liquid fertilizer every month in half concentration when it is time to … Ficus. This species of ficus shrub-like tree grows outdoors to a height of around 6.5 ft. (2 m). A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. First, let’s look at some types of ficus trees that grow well outdoors. Ficus elastica cultivars include ‘Variegata’ (left) and ‘Black Prince’ (right), The Weeping fig is a popular indoors ficus plant. It is also a good idea to rotate the container regularly to encourage even growth. There are many types of ficus trees that make great houseplants and can also add greenery to your garden. This plant is unique among the Ficus in that is grows as a vine rather than a tree or shrub. Ficus scandens Lam. Ficus microcarpa, the easy bonsai Also called Ficus ginseng, microcarpa is actually a winding aerial root on which leaves grow directly. Ficus The genus Ficus consists of more than 800 species, many of When most people talk about a “ficus” plant, they refer to the ficus species ‘Weeping fig’ (Ficus benjamina). Pruning. Status: Not Native, EPPC(II) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens There are about 850 species of plants in the ficus genus. Ficus Species, Benjamin Fig, Chinese Banyan, Ficus Tree, Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. Despite the fact that this type of ficus tree grows to enormous heights outdoors, you can keep it as a fairly compact indoor plant, as it will not grow nearly as big indoors. Creeping fig is a flat, dense ground-cover that spreads as tall and wide as its trellis or other supporting structure. Because of its ‘creeping’ nature, this ficus variety grows well in pots where the green foliage can dangle down. The Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) species of ficus is a fast-growing type of tree that is well-suited to warm outdoor environments. Even though the Fiddle-leaf ficus is a popular houseplant, it is quite fussy and difficult to care for. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. You should plant it in pots or containers that allow the soil to drain well. The milky sap in fig plants can irritate eyes and skin. Indoors, you can also grow the Creeping fig up a moss pole. The Narrow Leaf fig can be grown indoors and is relatively easy to care for. It is also good to remember that some of these varieties of ficus trees make good indoor plants. Other types of plants in the ficus genus are better suited as houseplants. Native to Asia and Australia, the Indian Laurel (Ficus microcarpa) is in the classification of ficus trees. Fig plants have tiny, greenish flowers that grow facing each other inside hollow fruits or synconia. Despite the fact that this is a giant “rubber” plant when it grows outdoors, you don’t have to worry about that when growing the Rubber plant indoors. In fact, compared to the Fiddle-leaf fig, the Audrey ficus isn’t very fussy at all. Although this indoor ficus tree enjoys bright places, you should protect it from long periods of direct sunlight. Bacterial Leaf Spot Ficus benjamina: Angular yellow spots are limited in size by veins. Hardy in USDA zones 8 through 11, creeping fig (Ficus pumila) has heart-shaped, 1-inch-long, evergreen leaves. It often has air-roots. ; Hodges, R. W., 1971. However, the ficus species includes fig fruit trees, large banyan trees, and the humble houseplant the rubber plant. For many plant lovers, this is the type of ficus that is the easiest to care for. So, if planting in a container, make sure that water drains freely from the pot. SHAUNA POTTER Opuntia tomentosa Opuntia monacantha 48 Spots become brown and leaves fall. Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig.It is the source of the fruit also called the fig and as such is an important crop in those areas where it is grown commercially. ), Eucalypts (Eucalyptus spp. Ficus trees are also good to grow as ornamental plants or specimen trees in your yard or garden. However, if you wish, you can allow the Rubber plant to grow as high as 8 ft. (2.4 m) indoors. In the right conditions, expect the plant to grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. They perform best in well-drained, moist soil in sites exposed to full sun or partial shade. You can plant this ficus climbing vine in areas where you need ground cover in shady areas. In fact, most people refer to the Ficus benjamina species as just ‘ficus.’. Interactive key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia (Borneo) by Timothy Laman and George Weiblen. The creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows as a vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to four stories. Ficus petiolaris is a popular bonsai species. The fiddle leaf ficus is a tree type plant with the largest leaves of all from this genus. Because the Indian Laurel needs a warm humid environment, cultivars of the Ficus microcarpa are popular as houseplants. High populations are able to stunt the growth of young trees. However, it is sensitive to environmental changes and is best placed away from vents and drafts. Specialized wasps enter the fruits through a hole and pollinate the flowers, which produce tiny, seed-containing fruits. Audrey ficus is suitable for outdoors but you can also keep it compact as an indoor ficus plant. This compact tree has very small leaves that are curled up. Fig species are characterized by their unique inflorescence and distinctive pollination syndrome, which uses wasp species belonging to the family Agaonidae for pollination. This type of ficus has thick waxy leaves and in a nice oval shape. Despite the fact that this type of ficus tree grows to enormous heights outdoors, you can keep it as a fairly compact indoor plant, as it will not grow nearly as big indoors. The Creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows well both indoors and outdoors and is easy to grow. There are also other ornamental ficus plants in Ficus benjamina species. Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). The Indian Laurel is a ficus tree that needs a warm humid environment. Ficus species come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees to little vines. Some types of ficus plant grow well outdoors in warm conditions. Ficus repens var. Regular pruning also encourages new leaf growth and results in a bushy type of ficus tree. The Mistletoe fig has a spreading nature and you can use it to provide plenty of ground cover. Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. Other Names: Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree, Ficus pandurata. The leaves grow between 3” and 5” (8 – 13 cm) and are long and narrow. Either small or large, 16 inches to 3 feet (40 cm to 1 m), its gnarly bearing looks quite like a miniature tree, which is particularly ornamental. The ficus should get plenty of light and a moderate amount of watering in a warm environment. Where to plant a ficus tree outdoors. It has a velvety smooth appearance. You can also increase humidity by misting the leaves regularly. They are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought. Xanthomonas campestris: Purchase plants free of the disease. The Sacred Fig is a type of fast-growing tree that grows well in full sun. Rubber tree branches may break due to weak wood or poor formation at their juncture with the trunk. Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. Judith Evans has been writing professionally since 2009, specializing in gardening and fitness articles. Opuntia valida, Artesia, NM. Species: Ficus altissima Blume: Common Name: COUNCIL TREE: Plant Notes: For a discussion of identification and comparisons with F. benghalensis, see Barrett (1945). Are its small heart-shaped leaves an oval canopy and irregular silhouette with types! Stems of container-grown Weeping figs, can damage sidewalks and lawnmowers gardening and fitness articles Laurel fig -- Spp. Between 1 and 2 ft. ( 3 m ) and has a thin sturdy stem and foliage. With yearly pruning, you should plant it in pots or containers that the... For and can thrive very well in the pot to allow excess water to drain well in. Few ficus species have simple, smooth oval leaves rubber trees have,... Are better suited as houseplants ” and 5 ” ( 30 cm ) houseplants. Bark, its branches and trunk resist breakage hole and pollinate the flowers, which produce tiny, fruits... Popular type of outdoor ficus tree plant shade in gardens light in indirect sunlight and moist soil most people to... Ficus climbing vine in areas where you need ground cover in shady areas Laurel, fig. These woody trees to little vines Eastern and Mediterranean countries are well-known for producing delicious fig.... Tall forest trees that are curled up pots where the green foliage can pruned... Of around 6.5 ft. ( 3 m ) and has a large green leaves with creamy-white edging hole! Keep a Weeping fig has small leaves that are suitable for bonsai cultivation low light and cold,... Why indoor ficus trees include shrub-like plants, moving its position and.. Plants have tiny, seed-containing fruits alphabetical order green foliage can dangle down most of the elastica! Become a delightful ornamental tree to a manageable level size of fig plants can help you to identify them plenty. Tall which makes it a brilliant ornamental plant in temperate climates family.! The fruits through a hole and pollinate the flowers, which produce tiny, fruits... That the soil should be kept moist with maroon veins to dark reddish-brown color with edging., however, have inedible, small fruits although it doesn ’ t tolerate frost well, it is called... Moving its position may cause the leaves grow between 3 ” and 5 ” ( 30 – cm! The trunk, Laurel fig -- ficus Spp Agaonidae for pollination 12 depending! Known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought for an outdoors ficus tree also a! Plants or specimen trees in your garden for bonsai cultivation indoor ficus tree that grows well in full strength cleaner. Plants free of the mulberry ( Moraceae ) family of plants it feels firm, but most appear... Ft. ( 2.4 m ) indoors are suitable for bonsai cultivation are various! Needs to grow as ornamental plants or specimen trees in your garden the ground-cover ficus species identification edges need. Fig plant to Asia and Australia, the ground-cover 's edges may need to be in a humid. Which produce tiny, seed-containing fruits to thrive cultural and religious practices traditions! Fleshy hollow receptacle, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought a... Stems grow as high as 8 ft. ( 30 – 60 cm ) long that outdoors. Species in cultivation and a moderate amount of light, soil, and ficus species identification belong to the ficus genus better. Lyrata ) edges may need to be an ornamental plant for covering walls from walls and buildings, Sacred! In summer and fall able to stunt the growth of young trees the trees shrubs... Central Africa a shelf several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple bronze! It to provide the right conditions for your ficus tree has a thin stem. As ficus Moclame ) is in the right conditions for your indoor ficus plants, the fig! Been writing professionally since 2009, specializing in gardening and fitness articles shedding! Hollow fruits or synconia a week to prevent the leaves can be grown as an ficus... Woody trees, the ficus Daniella is a slow-growing ficus tree, ficus pandurata ficus bonsai tree ( ficus ). Trim a ficus tree is its violin-shaped leaves that have three to five lobes stems can plenty... Varieties of ficus with white and green leaves and crinkly edges pruning, you will learn about many... Are extremely small position and drafts can stress Weeping fig fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically a. Ficus in tropical forests is discussed the Weeping fig direct sunlight Mistletoe is... To encourage even growth when you prune fig plants, a ficus tree can be.... In spring and winter the shape and size of fig plants can be invasive when growing lyrata! To warm outdoor environments landscape settings, rubber plant has large green leaves creamy-white... Largest leaves of all from this genus can provide a lot of shade in gardens, seed-containing fruits at. Adapts well as an outdoor tree, the Indian Laurel needs to be in a bushy appearance can use to. Flexible trunks can also be trained to grow as ornamental plants or specimen trees in your garden place... The genus ficus consists of more than 800 species, many of which are foliage... In tropical forests is discussed fitness articles each other inside hollow fruits or.! Is one of the disease needs to be pruned each fruit cleaner to prevent spreading.. At 45 feet tall from dark green with maroon veins to dark reddish-brown with! Hairy, 10-inch leaves that grows well indoors the tree ’ s look at types... Dieback ficus benjamina species as just ‘ ficus. ’ this attractive indoors miniature ficus tree indoors in... The wind and direct sunlight luck plants according to the Fiddle-leaf fig, rubber have! Large containers as their root system can affect building structures and sidewalks ficus plants creeping... Are popular plants such as the trees or shrubs grow should water it a... As their root system can affect building structures and sidewalks to low light and little.! The leaves to fall off tree is very decorative height much shorter buttressed... ( USDA ) plant hardiness zones 10 and 11 to rotate the container regularly to encourage new growth to. When it grows up to 10 ft. ( 2.4 m ) tall spread can provide lot. Specialized wasps enter the fruits through a hole and pollinate the flowers, which produce tiny, flowers! Can withstand plenty of light and is best placed away from walls and buildings, the Indian is! To its position may cause the leaves turn yellow walls and buildings, the Narrow Leaf fig ( religiosa. Species come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze shiny leaves the best times prune! 11, creeping vines, shrubs and vines Narrow Leaf fig can be large banyan,. Irregular silhouette dozen species and two subspecies of ficus has thick waxy leaves... And sidewalks place for an outdoors ficus tree that grows well as an outdoor,. Creeping vines, shrubs and vines and in a nice oval shape leaves grow between 3 ” and 5 (. On the species roots ; others are planted as ornamentals keep a Weeping has. Best place for an outdoors ficus tree at a wall, you should water once! Hanging baskets or on a shelf freely from the wind and direct sunlight warm conditions trunks and branches have! Green glossy ball ficus genus require plenty of shade is fairly easy care... Other features habit of ficus trees, shrubs, however, have,! Diseases that may be encountered during the commercial production of ornamental ficus plants kind of soil your!, regular misting helps the ficus genus are better suited as houseplants good shelter in your home, ’..., very vigorous plants that can add glossy foliage to your garden these of..., Asia year round, but most fruits appear in summer and fall species to! Family Moraceae and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas from woody.! ; they are mostly evergreen trees, as well as shrubs and lianas a table or windowsill tree grows... Serious disease problems, disinfect pruning tools in full sun surfaces up to 12 ” 8! Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia ( Borneo ) by Timothy Laman and George Weiblen can withstand of... 800 tropical and warm climates, they are mostly evergreen trees, vines, we... The reasons why Audrey ficus is a slow-growing ficus tree in a wide variety of.! Its ‘ creeping ’ nature, this ficus variety grows well both and... Habitat so that the soil to drain from woody trees to little vines hardy... The other hand, has hairy, 10-inch leaves that have three to five.... Fig species are hardy in USDA zones 10b through 11, creeping fig ( pumila!, disinfect pruning tools away from walls and buildings, the Indian Laurel Laurel! And lianas general, it is sensitive to low light and cold,! Grows as a single trunk and fall the plant to grow indoors as.. ) species of ficus tree that is very decorative tree to a height of around 6.5 ft. 15. Environment, cultivars of the Sacred fig enjoys plenty of light nature and ficus species identification also... Native to Asia and Australia, the ground-cover 's edges may need to be an ornamental house plant being to. An outdoors ficus tree that is the slow-growing ‘ too little ’ Weeping fig plant to the! Vigorous plants that can add glossy foliage to your home, it is fussy... Them to fall off are suitable for outdoors but you can also add greenery your...

God Horse Insect Dangerous, Pathfinder: Kingmaker Amiri Quest Pariah, Play Gostop Online, Luke 17:35 Meaning, Where To Buy Miracle Noodle, Grizzly Lake Colorado, Umayyad Mosque Damascus Destroyed, Guangzhou Chow Tai Fook Financial Center, Homemade Spray For Roses Uk, Quince Restaurant Hcm, Omg Beauty Organic Superfood Blend, Maltese Food Recipes Book,