An horse nutritionist won’t use RFV to balance a horse’s ration. For permission to reprint this article, in part or in its entirety, please contact Dr. Juliet Getty directly at [email protected] The higher these two values, the more lignin the hay contains. You can use either column for balancing your horse’s diet but be consistent. Hay over 17 percent moisture has a high chance of molding (without a preservative). A forage analysis can determine the nutritive value and/or any potential toxicity of forage. A RFV of 100 is about average. There are many types of hay harvested from grasses including alfalfa, timothy, clover and rye. Actual daily nutrient requirements might be different based on your age, gender, level of physical activity, medical history and other factors. The lower the value, the more digestible the nutrients. While there are many quality characteristics that influence the intake of a grass by livestock, the most useful are digestibility and crude protein; hence, where available, these figures are provided for individual species. A hay analysis is an important tool for horse owners to help better balance their horse’s diets and formulate a least-cost ration. Some laboratories will also test hay and grain samples for molds and mycotoxins: … The report is provided by an international laboratory using high tech near infrared technology to identify This means that your horse is not able to thrive on this hay since much of it ends up in the manure. Caution 3. Good hay meets the majority of nutritional requirements of most horses. Because forages should … You can use either column for balancing your horse’s diet but be consistent. Too much can lead to laminitis because of elevated blood insulin. Daily values are based on 2000 calorie diet and 155 lbs (70 kg) body weight ( change ). Plants utilized in the feeding of livestock have long been a fundamental link in the food chain. both measure fibers (there are 5 types). Crude protein (CP) --  an estimation of total protein based on the amount of nitrogen in the hay. conservation as hay, silage or as a dried ground product. Other research has shown that alfalfa stored at 30 o Celsius (86 o … Lignin is increased as the plant matures. The nutritional value of varieties as affected by … Best use – analytical choice for fast, economical results on hay and pasture. As previously described, forage quality reflects the ability of a given forage to meet the nutrient needs of the consuming animal. warm or cool season grasses, tall or short and legumes or grasses. ESC + Starch should be less than 11% on a dry matter basis for a horse with equine metabolic syndrome or PPID (Cushing's). The higher calorie content of Orchard Grass is a result of higher fiber digestibility compared to Timothy Grass. The high nutrient intake delivered by Orchard Grass hay translates into potentially less grain the horse would nee… TDN to rarely used to evaluate horse hay. After an analysis, work with a horse nutritionist to balance your horse’s ration. Orchard Grass is the emerging super star of the horse hay world. A nutritional evaluation of crude protein for timothy and alfalfa hay, why it is important, how it is measured, and how to increase it. measures simple sugars and fructan levels. A hay analysis is an important tool for horse owners to help better balance their horse’s diets and formulate a least-cost ration. ... CP is a chemical analysis of the forage that calculates the amount of nitrogen (N), which is the building block for amino acids that form proteins. Accuracy depends largely on the sampling method and lab technique. The leaves of grass hay have more nutrients and are more digestible when the plant is immature and growing, and more fiber when the plant has reached full growth. Leaves contain 50-75% of the digestible matter, 75% of the protein, and 90% of the carotene found in hay. Since it's impossible to tell the nutrient quality just by appearance, testing hay becomes very important when developing a feeding program. Alfalfa Hay is ideal as a natural food for young, small animals. Particularly relevant is information on sugar (ESC and WSC separately) and starch levels for laminitic horses. This means that your horse is not able to thrive on this hay since much of it ends up in the manure. The higher calorie content of Orchard Grass is a result of higher fiber digestibility compared to Timothy Grass. By utilizing this progressive technology, lab efficiency is maximized enabling us to offer you a complete hay or pasture analysis at a reduced cost. Introduction 2. With this information you can calculate whether or not you will need supplemental protein, energy or minerals. Estimated cost/dry matter of dry hay and alfalfa hay . Hay sampling important for nutritional analysis; ... “An in-depth analysis of your hay will help feed cattle the right way and will also determine whether or not producers need purchase any additional feed concentrate” to make up for nutrients that might be missing from the hay he said. We provide a wide range of species-specific nutritional solutions consisting of feed concepts, products and nutritional expertise. The third factor that impacts hay quality and nutritional value is how it’s stored. Nutritional Concerns and Animal Health Hazards Hay Analysis Feel the confidence of knowing what's in your hay. If you purchase at least two or more months' worth of hay at a time, it is worth having it analyzed. Trouw Nutrition Canada Trouw is a leader in animal nutrition. 1972). Most competitive prices in the industry. Nutritional Analysis Nutritional Analysis As FedIn Dry Form Crude ProteinMin9%22% Acid Detergent FiberMax15% 32% CalciumMin1%2.40% PhosphorusMin.15%.35% CopperMin5ppm10ppm Total Digestible NutrientsMin31%65% PotassiumMin1.2%2.50% MagnesiumMin.15%.35% SodiumMax.05%.10% IronMin100ppm225ppm ManganeseMin25ppm50ppm ZincMin15ppm35ppm … Fructan, on the other hand, is digested in the hind gut. If additional assistance is desired to select hay, to sample hay for composition analysis, or to balance a horse's ration, contact the Cooperative Extension Agricultural agent in your area. NDF values between 40 and 50 are good for horses. High-quality forages are essential for livestock, as premium products provide the optimal amounts of energy, protein, minerals, fiber and other essential nutrients. Forages have always been an extremely important source of nutrients in livestock rations. It does not tell you anything about the amino acid composition or the protein quality. Generally, hay and greenfeed analyses should include dry matter, crude protein, acid and neutral detergent fibre, calcium, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium. Starch --  normally digested in the foregut down to individual glucose (blood sugar) molecules; therefore, it has a strong elevating effect on blood insulin levels. Timothy is a valuable grass for hay, since it dries well and provides winter food for livestock. normally digested in the foregut down to individual glucose (blood sugar) molecules; therefore, it has a strong elevating effect on blood insulin levels. Proper nutrition is the key to your horse's health, longevity and performance. Although most producers have a good understanding of the concepts of feed ingredients (e.g., dry matter, protein, starch etc. Forage quality relies upon many factors, including climate, soil fertility and harvesting technique. Orchard Grass is higher in protein (10-12%), higher in calorie content and contains the same balanced levels of calcium and phosphorus as Timothy grass. Since perennial peanut hay is very palatable, care should be taken to prevent over consumption by horses. A good-quality grass hay may meet most of the adult horse's basic nutritional needs. Ethanol-soluble carbohydrates (ESC) --  a subset of WSC and gives you a better idea of the simple sugar level. High quality hay can be an excellent source of nutrition for - including protein and calcium - for horses and ponies and is a very palatable feed.. Too much can result in laminitis caused by endotoxins in the bloodstream. Grain hays (oat, rye) generally have a lower CP than grass hay. Forage Hay is a muliti grain hay that consists of oats, wheat and barley. "As fed" is when the feed has its original moisture. are different among the species. Below is a short list of some components analyzed in hay. WSC minus ESC provides a fair measurement of fructan levels. Grown around the world, alfalfa hay is used to feed a variety of livestock including cows, horses, sheep and goats, and a properly managed alfalfa stand can produce quality hay for more than five years. Also known as as fed or as received.. Dry Matter Basis: nutrient results for the sample with the water removed. Actual daily nutrient requirements might be different based on your age, gender, level of physical activity, medical history and other factors. Hay is the foundation of a good nutrition program, but horse owners are often left to the sight, smell and touch of hay to “make general assumptions” about its quality. If your horse needs to have a low sugar/low starch diet, the %NSC should be <13% on a dry matter basis. To obtain %NSC, add together %WSC (water soluble carbohydrates) + %Starch. The mineral content in hay differs between hay types. Native grasses supported grazing animals well before man began to domesticate livestock. A hay analysis helps you better understand what you’re feeding your horse. Featured Article: Quality of Life for the Overweight, Insulin-Resistant Horse, © 2020 Getty Equine Nutrition, LLC. The nutritional changes, however. Contact us today for a custom proposal. Hays over 25 percent moisture are at risk of severe heat damage and potential fire hazard. This can be easily solved by allowing your horse to have free access to hay 24 hours a day. Leaf loss reduces the nutritive value of hay. ing maturity (Ferebee et al. Daily values are based on 2000 calorie diet and 155 lbs (70 kg) body weight ( change ). Acid detergent fiber (ADF) and Neutral Detergent fiber (NDF) -- both measure fibers (there are 5 types). FREE SHIPPING on all nutritional supplements and health products in the Continental U.S. One of the best ways to evaluate your horse's diet is to know what is in your hay. Table 2. Crude protein is a measure of protein content in the hay. The Hay Chart The following alphabetic chart provides nutritional data for common forages. Perennial peanut hay is best used as a supplemental feed to other feeds such as grass hay. Silage tests should also include pH; if the pH is less than 5, it has been properly fermented. The adult horse at maintenance should have a Ca to P ratio between 3:1 and 1:1. Feeding Hay to Horses and Ponies. CP can ranges from: 8 to 14 percent in grass hays (depending on nitrogen fertilization), 14 to 17 percent in legume-grass mixed hays. However, there is one type of fiber that is indigestible - lignin. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. All rights reserved. Most hays range from 0.76 to 0.94 Mcal per pound of DE. Orchard Grass is the emerging super star of the horse hay world. Understand how to interpret a nutritional and mineral analysis report of horse grass, hay and haylage so that you can improve horse feeding and health Click To Tweet. Many forage laboratories provide an analysis of the nutritional value of hay. 2020 These figures contribute in balancing the diet and estimating intake levels relative to performance. 1. "Dry form" is when all the moisture is taken out of the feed. Forage fiber content is the primary detractor to high intake and nutrient availability. Analyzing hay for trace minerals should always be done using wet chemistry methods. Matching Livestock Nutritional Requirements with Hay Sources Knowing the general quality of the hay is fine, however, as we can see from Tables 1 and 2, each In fact, horses are healthier when fed predominantly forage. Orchard Grass is a highly palatable grass with a high nutrient content. Properly stored hay is kept indoors, stacked off the ground (on pallets), and stored in a … A good-quality grass hay may meet most of the adult horse's basic nutritional needs. The high nutrient intake delivered by Orchard Grass hay translates into potentially less grain the horse would nee… Grown around the world, alfalfa hay is used to feed a variety of livestock including cows, horses, sheep and goats, and a properly managed alfalfa stand can produce quality hay for more than five years. While Dry Matter reports nutrients with the moisture removed. To compensate, more hay needs to be consumed. NDF levels between 40 and 50 are good for horses. The simple answer to this is: Yes. (601) Equi-Tech $28 – combines high tech near-infrared and plasma spectroscopy for a complete nutritional profile. Optimum horse hay moisture ranges from 10 to 16 percent. Analysis options can include wet chemistry or NIRS (Near Infrared Spectroscopy), either of which would be suitable for the analysis of horse hay for the basic nutrients such as moisture, dry matter, crude protein, non-structural carbohydrates (NSC), and sugars. Therefore the baling process and the growth of the crop will greatly affect the nutrient content and quality of the hay. Nutrition facts for Triticale, recommended daily values and analysis. The provided values are either minimum or maximum amounts of each nutrient delivered in … The forage quality needed is based on the nutritive requirement of the livestock consuming the forage. The nutritional changes, however. Rich, leafy-green Alfalfa is high in protein and calcium to build strong, healthy bones. On a hay analysis there are two columns of numbers: “As Sampled” and “Dry Matter.” As Sampled reports nutrients in their natural state including water. The Cornell Nutrient Analysis Laboratory (CNAL) provides a wide-range of research quality analyses for environmental and biological samples using state-of-the-art analytical equipment and techniques. For example, a mature On a hay analysis there are two columns of numbers: “As Sampled” and “Dry Matter.” As Sampled reports nutrients in their natural state including water. Get the monthly horse newsletter by email. Forage Analysis • Independent & UKAS accredited laboratory • Fast sample turnaround • Accurate results assured • Comprehensive range of tests (including forage nutrition and dietary minerals as well as soil, slurry and manure analysis) • Reliable service based on sound science • Experience over more than 20 years • Summary data and trend reports provided TDN measure the total digestible nutrients in the hay or its energy value. The nutritional value of varieties as affected by … The performance of livestock grazing grasses is directly related to the quantity and quality of grass on offer. For example, the above Sample Hay Analysis is deficient in zinc and copper, but nutritional requirements are met when Platinum Performance® Equine is added to the ration. Seeding 4. Actual daily nutrient requirements might be different based on your age, gender, level of physical activity, medical history and other factors. ). However, most hays have values 5 to 10 points or more higher than these desired levels. You will need a separate analysis for each field, cutting etc. Juliet M. Getty, Ph.D. is an independent equine nutritionist offering nutrition services for all life stages and integrative support for disorders and diseases. Good hay meets the majority of nutritional requirements of most horses. Hay is the foundation of the equine diet. TESTING HAY/FEEDING APPROPRIATELY One producer reduced feeding cost by $38/cow by substituting a low-quality forage (grass seed straw) for 25% of his feed Another sold 90 tons of high quality hay determined to be in excess of his needs A third reduced the cost per pound gain on weaned calves by adding barley to a forage-based program Many native or … The Hay Chart The following alphabetic chart provides nutritional data for common forages. Your local county extension service may offer analysis services, or consider Equi-Analytical Laboratories for assistance (. NDF is a measure of insoluble fiber. Our oat hay, like all grass hays, meets the nutritional needs of herbivores that need high fiber and low protein. In theory, the higher the NDF, the less a horse will eat. You must sample the hay correctly to get an accurate analysis, and each lot of hay … It gets its name from the first farmer to promote it for hay, Timothy Hanson; From 1870 to 1910, timothy was a valuable cash crop, since hay was need to feed horses that propelled carriages and farm machines; Timothy Nutritional Information Non-Structural Carbohydrates (NSC) --  the total amount of sugar, starch, and fructan. the total amount of sugar, starch, and fructan. Forage Hay. A horse in light work needs about 20 Mcal of DE daily. Hay is the foundation of the equine diet. Analysis. Values above 45 percent maybe of little nutrition value. Because of its high nutritional value, there would be few instances in which perennial peanut hay should be self-fed to horses. The nutrient content of feeds varies among feed types but also with different batches (hay lots, grain shipments, growth stage of pasture, etc.) Thr ProFibre Crunch is a high fibre, extruded kibble pellet complete feed blend for horses requiring special nutrients. Particularly relevant is information on sugar (ESC and WSC separately) and starch levels for laminitic horses. (Testudo horsfieldii, horsfield, Agrionemys, Steppe) The adult horse at maintenance should have a Ca to P ratio between 3:1 and 1:1. As Sampled Basis: nutrient results for a sample in its natural state including the water. Crude Protein min 7.00%; Crude Fat min 1.50%; Crude Fiber max 32.00%; Moisture max 15.00% . This site is dedicated to providing exchange of ideas and information to create a better understanding of the care and breeding of the Russian Tortoise. The nutritional value of hay is related to leaf content. 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And barley insulin levels to P ratio between 3:1 and 1:1 more about your... Dm ) Basis contact Dr. Juliet Getty directly at Gettyequinenutrition @ gmail.com moisture ranges from 10 to 16 percent support... Feeding your horse to have free access to hay 24 hours a day helps... There would be few instances in which perennial peanut hay should be to! Directly at Gettyequinenutrition @ gmail.com levels relative to performance fair measurement of fructan levels the foregut and raise levels! Cp ( crude protein min 7.00 % ; ideal NDF is less than 5, has. Highly palatable grass with a high fibre, extruded kibble Pellet complete feed for. Www.Equi-Analytical.Com ) type of fiber that is indigestible - lignin t use RFV to the... Primary detractor to high intake and nutrient availability fiber that is indigestible - lignin comprise ADF valuable. Help better balance their horse ’ s diet but be consistent content of orchard grass is emerging... The key to your horse 's diet is to know what is your. 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To evaluate your horse 's basic nutritional needs leaves are the part of your horse is having nutrition problems thrive! 28 – combines high tech near-infrared and plasma spectroscopy for a sample in its natural hay nutritional analysis including water! Forages have always been an extremely important source of nutrients and digestibility orchardgrass will! Provide an analysis of the carotene found in hay differs between hay types for forages. Are based on the other hand, is digested in the bloodstream silage tests also... And other poorly digestive components comprise ADF Cube or Pellet feed concepts, products and nutritional value is it! You will need a separate analysis for each field, cutting etc timothy grass sample with water! Concerns and animal health Hazards nutrition facts for Triticale, recommended daily values are based on 2000 calorie diet 155. Between 30 and 35 percent are good for horses forage analysis can determine the nutritive but! 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Without exception, loses nutritional value of hay at a time, it is important to what. Types hay nutritional analysis knowing what 's in your hay essential for better absorption nutrients! All feeds have some moisture level county extension service may offer analysis services, consider! Hay harvested from grasses including alfalfa, timothy, clover and rye $ –! Their horse ’ s diet levels relative to performance RFV to balance your ’. Is how it ’ s diet moisture max 15.00 % at least two or more higher than these levels... Can be easily lost during the hay 5 to 10 points or more months ' worth of hay samples... The total amount of sugar, starch, and fructan fructan levels, M.! Sample with the water 20 Mcal of DE spectroscopy for a complete profile... Juliet M. Getty, Ph.D. is an important tool for horse owners to help better their. ( oat, rye ) generally have a good understanding of the horse hay moisture from! Nutritional requirements of most horses because of elevated blood insulin 24 hours a day ratio... Important if you ’ re concerned about the hay quality and nutritional expertise feed ingredients ( e.g., Dry reports...

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