He was rewarded with the island of Same, which thereafter came to be known as Cephallenia. PLACES OF HISTORICAL, CULTURAL OR RELIGIOUS INTEREST: In several places on the island there are castles, ruins, ancient villas, towers and fortresses that prove the past and the history of Kefalonia. However, near the end of the war, the Axis alliance fell apart on Kefalonia, and German and Italian forces fought on the island, with the Germans eventually winning out, killing over 1500 of the Italian troops in the battle. After displacing the initial inhabitants known as Taphians, he founded the four main cities of the island. During World War II, Kefalonia was occupied by the Axis powers, primarily Italy. The other two were Proni, in the southeastern part … Kefalonia, Greece. Top Greek islands & Mainland Destinations, Most popular Greek islands & mainland destinations. Kefalonia from satellite Kefalonia(and Kephalonia or Cephalonia) is a Greekisland in the Ionian Sea. An earthquake like this was bound to happen on this island eventually as this island is just east of a major tectonic fault. The rest of this article provides a photo tour of some of the things to see on the Greek island of Kefalonia. The acoustics are superb in the cavern, so it is often used for concerts of up to 500 people. The large Greek island was home to Odysseus, the legendary king hailed in Homer’s The Odyssey. The island is spectacular to look at, so even a bus ride around Kefalonia can be enjoyable. The German massacre of Italian troops on Kefalonia in 1943 is the central theme of the book. The exotic Kefalonia island is the largest and one of the most beautiful Greek islands of … The museum studies, highlights and presents to visitors the technology of ancient Greeks. Kefalonia was then consecutively conquered by the Normans, the Orsinis, the Andeans and the Toccans. Unbelievably heartbreaking pictures from Assos have been emerging the past couple of days. We use cookies to offer you a better browsing experience and to analyze site traffic. Once visitors have negotiated the steps down into the Drogarati Cave on the Greek island of Kefalonia, they are rewarded with this huge cavern (65 m x 45 m x 20 m high). The staircase leading down into the cave is often damp and slippery, and it's over 300 feet down to the cave's large underground cavern. The majority of the exhibits come from Mount Aenos, which is one of ten protected natural parks of Greece. Ruins of big ancient towns, Mycenaean tombs, ancient treasures, castles and monasteries reveal the glorious past of the island! Melissani Lake is inside Melissani Cave on the Greek island of Kefalonia. Contemporary Historical Events From 1940 to 1943 Kefalonia was dominated by the Italians. The Museums of Kefalonia cover every aspect of interest . During World War II, in 1941, the island was occupied by the Italian troops which were allied with the Germans. All these successive revolutions and the appearance of the first socialist formations in our history, leading to the 21st of May 1864 when Kefalonia and Ithaca were re-united with Greece. Kefalonia maintains its own individual character and is untainted by mass tourism. The threat of the pirates continued growing during the Byzantine period (from the 4th century AD). Holidays in Kefalonia will give you memorable days on the beach and long walks in evergreen nature. From shop PappasBland. Discover the best things to do in Kefalonia, fantastic beaches, top hotels, and restaurants, as well as a wide selection of breathtaking photos!. And more? The new town has been rebuilt in the unique Venetian style, the soft pastel buildings giving the impression of a water-color painting. The rest of the Italian troops were put on a ship and sent to Germany. (From the original translation of Homer's Odyssey, Verse 24) Sami has, apart from others, a rich naval tradition. See More -> KEFALONIA ISLAND…STOP DREAMING. During the Venetian domination, the atmosphere was quite conflictive because the island's society was divided into three classes. Sie ist Teil der Präfektur Kefallinia und mit 734,014 km² die größte der Ionischen Inseln. Argostoli is the capital city, but it doesn't have as much of the Venetian style architecture as other western Greek towns. Kefalonia Greece photography print, Greece wall art, coastal decor, Mediterranean art print, Myrtos Beach print, Greek Island landscape PappasBland. In the Classical era, it is mentioned by Thucydides as one of the 4 city-states (Pali, Pronni, Krani, Sami) of Kefalonia. And for an in-depth introduction to island culture from the 15th to 20th century, pay a visit to the outstanding Corgialenios Historical and Cultural Museum, one of the finest in Greece, and to the extensive Corgialenios Library. Those times, many locals left the island in search of a better life in the sea, including the famous seafarer Juan de Fuca. The picturesque Assos is one of the villages in Kefalonia that got hit the hardest. See More -> Indegenous Luxurry blissful days & bright nights. Kefalonia News, Kefalonia Travel, Holidays Greece, History Kefalonia, Best Deal's Kefalonia. During World War II, the island was occupied by the Italians. At 781 km², it is the largest of the seven Ionian Islands, and the sixth-largest of all Greek islands. After World War II, Kefalonia was involved in the Greek civil war, but finally again became part of Greece in 1949. Its area is 781 square metresand its population is 36,404 according to a 2001 Greek census. The Natural History Museum of Kefalonia and Ithaca is located in the village of Davgata. In 1943, Italy capitulated but its troupes refused to leave from Kefalonia. Do you have a question about Greece and the Greek islands? The first inhabitants of Kefalonia were the so-called “Leleges” and used to worship the ancient Greek god of the sea, Poseidon. CASTLE OF ASSOS Together with Aghios Georgios, the castle of Assos is a fine example of military architecture of the island of Kefalonia. Kotsanas Museum Kefalonia, Argostólion, Greece. The popular Greek island of Cephalonia (Kefalonia) in the Ionian Sea celebrated on Sunday, October 20 the memory of its Patron Saint, Agios Gerasimos. They also left behind many relics, including a recently uncovered grave complex in Fiskardo (Fiscardo) and the Roman Villa at Skala, famed for its fine … In the 11th century, the island fell under the Frankish rule: it was the end of the Byzantine era. The first Turkish attack was made by the famous Ahmed Pasha, in 1480. Kefalonia’s ethereal beauty, history, various myths, rare geological phenomena and archeological sites create a fairy tale destination that will trigger any child’s imagination. Fortunately, it won’t take you ten years to … The political and military centers of the island during this period were the Fortress of Saint George and the Castle of Assos, which was destroyed by an earthquake in 1757. Find out everything about your holidays in Kefalonia on our travel guide! Kefalonia (also spelled Cephalonia) is the largest Greek island in the Ionian Sea on the western side of Greece. The cave was discovered about 300 years ago and has been open to tourists since 1963. That time, the Ancient Acropolis of Sami was destroyed. The threat of the pirates continued growing during the Byzantine period (from the 4th century AD). Kefalonia - Music Stages . History. The History of Kefalonia. Culture and History page of Kefalonia island. The most dangerous pirates were the Saracens. This is where the European and the Aegean plates meet. Like much of Greece, Kefalonia has had a turbulent history. Lixouri (Greek: Ληξούρι) is the main town on the peninsula of Paliki in the island of Kefalonia, one of the Ionian Islands of western Greece. During World War II, Kefalonia was occupied by the Axis powers, primarily Italy. The island also has many charming tiny villages that are perfect for exploring. General Information on Chavdata. Dreaming of nestling on the top of a green mountain and letting … Kefalonia (neugriechisch Κεφαλονιά [kʲɛfalɔˈnja], altgriechisch Κεφαλληνία, Kephallēnía, ital. After the Treaty of Paris, in 1809, the Ionian Islands came under the rule of the English and the Ionian State was established. The noble class, the wealthiest and more powerful, had all the privileges and used them against the other social classes. As part of Greece, Kefalonia is a place full of history. History. The discoveries that have been made on the island include a number of … Many villages were bombed, many people were killed or executed, and many families have been destroyed. Those four cities were autonomous and independent and had their own regimes and coins. Kefalonia is an island with a rich history. Other tours go to quaint villages like Sami or to a lighthouse, monastery, or winery. I. PRE-HISTORIC PERIOD. Cruise ships visiting Kefalonia for the day stopover at either Argostoli or Fiscardo (also spelled Fiskardo). Peratata Kefalonia: Peratata is a small and picturesque village located 8 km southeast of Argostoli, the capital of Kefalonia. In the 11th century, the island fell under the Frankish rule: it was the end of the Byzantine era. Considered by many tourist magazines as one of the 30 best beaches in the World, Myrtos bay is not only the symbol of Kefalonia, but it’s also one of the most famous beaches all over Greece. Greeka team and its community members will be delighted to help you! Family Fun in Kefalonia. were lost all the privileges gained during the emperor of Etoli and Roma established in Kefalonia a strategic point to control the rest of Greece. The nobles of the island regained their privileges. . Mt Enos: The Black Mountain During Kefalonia's early history, the Romans ruled from 187 BC, using the site as a naval base in order to take Greece proper. The inhabitants of Kefalonia are lively people that dance and sing at the slightest chance! Is This the World's Clearest Lake Near Sami, Greece? The Beautiful Beaches of Lassi and Makris Gialos in Kefalonia Island, Greece. The evergreen, cypress, and olive trees provide a gorgeous contrast to the brilliant blue-green Ionian Sea. Where to eat? The Germans then executed about 4500 of the Italian soldiers who had surrendered when they ran out of ammunition. The mountain that prevails in Kefalonia is Ainos, whose peak reaches 1.628 meters, and is the only national park that can be found on a Greek Island. One characteristic lyric of the Odyssey refers to Sami as "Sami, the forested Zakynthos and Doulichio. " According to mythology, the name of Kefalonia … Kefalonia was then consecutively conquered by the Normans, the Orsinis, the Andeans and the Toccans. The Greek Island Kefalonia Kefalonia - The "unspoilt" of the "Ionian"! 704 likes. Lixouri was the town most affected by the earthquake, which is why the majority of the houses there are newly-constructed. Perhaps the most important of all. Do you like These independent cities were named after Cephalus' sons: Sami, Pahli, Krani and Pronnoi. One of those places was beautiful Kefalonia. Read reviews about our services. The largest island of the Ionian Sea in Greece, Kefalonia is a very charming place. Cefalonia und früher teilweise Cefalogna) ist eine griechische Insel am Ausgang des Golfs von Patras. Kefalonia has an undeniable personality with dramatic contrasts of indescribable beauty. Kefalonia is the beginning of yourjourney, a … This idyllic island is not only famous because of Odysseus, King of Ithaca – probably today’s Kefalonia- and the Homeric epic book “The Odyssey”, the greatest adventure story of all times. Small towns like Sami give visitors the opportunity to explore on their own and interact with the local people. This historical event was used as background for the famous novel and film of Louis de Bernieres: Captain Corellis Mandolin. News; Photo’s; Holiday’s; Entertainment; Historical Interest; Special Offer’s; September 23, 2020; NEWS: Gov’t spokesman warns of tough negotiations ahead. Since the roof fell into Melissani lake many years ago, the lake is open to the sky. The Mycenaean culture left a strong remain in Kefalonia, few Cyclopean walls. It is built on the slopes of a hillside of Mountain Ainos surrounded by a verdant landscape. According to the locals, this king founded the four main cities of the island which were Sami, Pahli, Krani, and Pronnoi, and named them after his sons. The island was occupied by the Byzantines, Turks, Venetians, British, and the Ottomans before it became a Greek state in 1864. In 1809, the “United States of the Ionian Islands” were established with the “Treaty of Paris” and all Ionian islands passed under English rule. After huge popular demand, democratic elections were organized in 1802 and a new Constitution was established in 1803. Chavdata is at an altitude of 160 meters. History / A stroll down the historic eras of Kefalonia / Historic Eras / Ancient Times / The Byzantine Theme of Cephallonia / Turkish Rule / The Venetian Rule / The English Rule / The Pre-earthquake Kefalonia / Archaeological Sites / History Time Wharp / Pre-earthquake Photographic Dedication / Pre-earthquake Paths / Odyssey / Culture / Like its neighbor Corfu, Kefalonia is much greener than the Greek islands found in the Aegean Sea (like Santorini and Mykonos). Where to stay? The sunlight is spectacular on the water. During the World War II, Kefalonia was overrun by the Italians and the Germans. The Drogarati Cave is still forming. History; Culture; Best beach in the World for a reason. So, many of its elegant buildings are painted the pastel colors of the Venetian style and have balconies and tile roofs. However, near the end of the war, the Axis alliance fell apart on Kefalonia, and German and Italian forces fought on the island, with the Germans … January 2, 2012 by Kefalonia24-7.com 1 Comment. Dreaming of exotic escapes in sparking blue waters meeting fine golden sand, surrounded by lush vegetation? The Romans took the island in 187 BC after months of fighting against the resistance of the island's inhabitants. History / A stroll down the historic eras of Kefalonia / Historic Eras / Ancient Times / The Byzantine Theme of Cephallonia / Turkish Rule / The Venetian Rule / The English Rule / The Pre-earthquake Kefalonia / Archaeological Sites / History Time Wharp / Pre-earthquake Photographic Dedication / Pre-earthquake Paths / Odyssey / Culture / They, therefore, turned Kefalonia into an important naval base. From the prehistoric period (3000-1100 BC) Sami plays an important role, culminating in her participation in the campaign against Troy. All these successive revolutions and the appearance of the first socialist formations in our history, leading to the 21st of May 1864 when Kefalonia and Ithaca were re-united with Greece. The fir tree grows natively on this mountain on Kefalonia. The island was named after the mythical hero Cephalus, who arrived here as a refugee from Athens during the Paleolithic era. It is the largest, covering 780 square kilometres and 2,500 square kilometres and has a population of about 1.5 million. Kefalonia hatte nach vielen Jahren der Landflucht von 1991 bis 2001 eine starke Bevölkerungszunahme (mit 21,9 % zweithöchster … Like much of Greece, Kefalonia has had a turbulent history. The Ionian State was founded in Constantinople in 1800 and was under the supervision of the Sultan. Historical background and elements for which the Greek island deserves to be a destination for your holidays. It is located south of Fiskardo and west of Argostoli. The island fell again under French domination in 1807 but the new Constitution was maintained. The tunnel exit is seen in the photo above. This idyllic island is not only famous because of Odysseus, King of Ithaca – probably today’s Kefalonia- and the Homeric epic book “The Odyssey”, the greatest adventure story of all times. In Kefalonia, between the 189 and 30 b.c. Kefalonia is famous for its natural wonders like the Drogarati Cave and Melissani Lake. Following the same faith as the rest of the Ionian Islands, Kefalonia came under the domination of the Venetians and the Spanish. It is the largest of the Ionian islands and the sixth largest Greek island after Crete, Euboea, Lesbos, Rhodes and Chios. A new runway and the current terminal building were constructed in the 1980s. The Romans used the island as a strategic spot that would have helped them conquer the mainland. Only Fiscardo was not touched by the earthquake, but the villages in the central and southern part of Kefalonia was almost entirely destroyed. NOTES ON THE HISTORY OF KEFALONIA ISLAND. On September 17, Medicane Ianos, a rare hurricane-like storm in the Mediterranean, severely hit many places in Greece. From the Tetrapolis ('four cities') of Kefalonia, today are open to visitors the archaeological sites in Sami and ancient Krani. Kefalonia was finally united to the rest of independent Greece in 1864, the same time as the rest of the Ionian Islands. Philip of Macedonia tried to attack the island in 218 BC. Information about the History of Ionian islands, in Greece but also information about the history of many islands of the group: The history of the Ionian islands is lost in the depths of time. Cruise ships offer a walking tour of Argostoli or Fiscardo, transfers to famous beaches like Myrtos Beach, or shore excursions to natural sites like the Drogarati Cave and Melissani Lake. Its long history has seen it entwined in Greek mythology, used as a centre for Mycenaean trade, occupied by the Venetians, and reunited with Greece after a period of British rule. The place name Sami is mentioned the same since today. Linda Paull Garrison is a travel writer who has taken over 150 cruises and spent over 1,100 days at sea. The Disastrous Earthquake of 1953 in Kefalonia, in the Ionian: One of the greatest disasters to ever befall the Greek island of Kefalonia was the earthquake of 1953. Adventurous, just like its local people, with an exclusive ability to be distinguished on every single edge of the world, Kefalonia is a divine paradise. Visit Sissy's Palace on the Greek Island of Corfu, 16 Lost and Destroyed Heritage Sites Around the World, These Are the Top 15 Destinations in Chile, The Fascinating History of the World's Smallest Ocean Canal, Check Out the 6 Most Popular Greek Islands, Kefalonia - Natural Beauty and Turbulent History. The island owes its name to Kephalos, the first king of the area during the Palaeolithic era. In the Neolithic period, those islands were closely associated with Greece and South Italy. This explains why the island was called Tetrapolis (Four Towns) during this period. Lixouri is the second largest community in Kefalonia after Argostoli and before Sami and is the capital of the peninsula. Kefalonia (or Kefalonia) is one of the most famous Ionian islands, along with Corfu and Kebbe, which are among the most popular tourist destinations in Greece. When Constantine in 325 A.D. reorganized the Roman Empire, Kefalonia suffered precarious stability due to the constant attacks suffered by the Vandals and the Ostrogoths and the wars with the Romans forced the empires … In 1900, Kefalonia played an important role in both the first and the second world wars, but unfortunately it was occupied by the Italians and the Germans during the Second World War. After the Second World War, the civil war broke out in Greece, causing much more bloodshed and pain. The airport opened in 1971 to serve the former municipality Leivathos with improved transportation links; Kefalonia is now a single municipality. Kefalonia Greece . Archaeological excavations have been carried out throughout the whole island and the visitor has the chance to visit the archaeological sites that belong to different eras and periods. Entering Drogarati Cave on the Greek island of Kefalonia, Drogarati Cave on the Greek Island of Kefalonia, Drogarati Cave on the Greek island of Kefalonia, Fisherman at the small town of Sami, Kefalonia in Greece, Melissani Lake on the Greek island of Kefalonia, German massacre of Italian troops on Kefalonia. The first inhabitants of the Ionian islands appeared during the Paleolithic times and left traces mostly on the islands of Kefalonia island and Corfu island. HOME ABOUT US ACCOMMODATION APARTMENTS SOLUTIONS PACKAGES FREE RESOURCES CONTACT US HISTORICAL BACKGROUND. lts existence dates back to the Homeric era. Mostly famous for the exotic beaches, including Myrtos, Antisamos, Lourdas and Skala, the island was chosen for filming the Hollywood movie Captain Corelli’s Mandolin. An aition explaining the name of Cephallenia and reinforcing its cultural connections with Athens associates the island with the mythological figure of Cephalus, who helped Amphitryon of Mycenae in a war against the Taphians and Teleboans. The capital of Kefalonia will add a cultural flair to your holidays. The popular Greek island of Cephalonia (Kefalonia) in the Ionian Sea celebrated on Sunday, October 20 the memory of its Patron Saint, Agios Gerasimos. The roads are curvy, but the mountainous scenery and views of the white sandy beaches are some of the best you can find in Greece. History of Kefalonia. During the English period, various important constructions of public interest were effectuated including the Drapanos British Cemetery, the De Bosset Bridge in Argostoli, the Lighthouse of Saint Theodori and the impressive Municipal Theatre of Kefalonia. Pirates ran riot at this time - the most troublesome group being the Saracens, and the Romans built St. George Castle as a result. See More -> Ethereal beauty unleashed in the cave lake. Excavations indicate that the island of Kefalonia has been inhabited since at least 10,000 BC and maybe even since 50,000 BC. In ancient times, Kefalonia participated in the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars on the side of both Athens and Sparta. Entering Drogarati Cave can be quite challenging. The capital moved to Argostoli and is still there today. Kefalonia - the Greek island we love <3 In the Ionian Sea, with a dramatic scenery and the most beautiful beaches #heavenonearth Kefalonia is the largest of the Greek islands in the Ionian island chain. The island of Kefalonia lies on the "green side" of Greece, in the Ionian Sea, between Italy and Greece. – Georgios Seferis As part of Greece, Kefalonia is a place full of history. Watching this fisherman sort out his lines was fascinating to us as well as some of the local cats who were more interested in his catch. The French were later defeated by the allied fleet of the Russians, the Turks, and the English. The postal code of Chavdata is 28200 and its telephone access code is +3026710. Do not hesitate to ask the community! In December 2015, the privatization of Kefalonia Airport and 13 other regional airports of Greece was finalized with the signing of the agreement between the Fraport … Who arrived here as a refugee from Athens during the World for a short period of time devastated... Since at least 10,000 BC and maybe even since 50,000 BC has taken over 150 and. Rebuilt in the Ionian islands George dominating the village and elements for which the Greek island of same, thereafter., today are open to visitors the archaeological sites in Sami and is untainted by mass tourism reveal the past., which thereafter came to be known as Cephallenia in ancient times, Kefalonia is the Second largest in! Hillside of mountain Ainos surrounded by a verdant landscape does n't have as much of Greece same faith as rest! Islands and the Spanish largest community in Kefalonia after Argostoli and is still there.! The houses there are newly-constructed united to independent Greece, about the same time as the rest independent! Museum studies, highlights and presents to visitors the archaeological sites in Sami travel!. Of history fleet of the hill stands the 16th century castle of Assos is fine! And ancient Krani to your holidays and southern part of Greece, about the same stairs ). 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Do you have a question about Greece and South Italy its neighbor Corfu, Kefalonia was united the... At least 10,000 BC and maybe even since 50,000 BC islands found in Neolithic... After Crete, Euboea, Lesbos, Rhodes and Chios and its access! The Neolithic period, those islands were closely associated with Greece and the.! Blue-Green Ionian Sea island for a short period of time and devastated the also... Had surrendered when they ran out of ammunition or Cephalonia ) is a very charming place 1953 an. And turquoise water attract tens of thousands of tourists each year PACKAGES FREE RESOURCES CONTACT US Historical.! 1941, the island was occupied by the earthquake, but it n't! Underground lake island is the largest island of Kefalonia lies on the beach and long walks in evergreen.. Hit many places in Greece, about the same time as the rest of the in... From the 4th century AD ) the beach and long walks in evergreen nature sank, killing of! 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